The Pululahua was declared a National Park in 1969, being the first in Ecuador and the continent. The hillsides of the Pululahua are a Geobotanical Reserve that protects more than 53 botanic species and 21 animal species; all of this is under the administration of the "Instituto Ecuatoriano de Areas Naturales y Vida Silvestre (INEFAN).
Among the fauna species found in the Pululahua are: rabbits, chucuris, sparrow hawks, wolves, bats, raposas, lizards and frogs. The flora species are unique and numerous some of those species are granibeas, briofitas, bledo, chilca, llanten, peralillo, suro and uña de gato.
Hiking and mountain biking are some of the preferred activities by the tourists and many tour operators organize this kind of trips to the Pululahua Geobotanical Reserve.