Quito history starts with the Quito Caras Tribe, passing by Quito Tianguez commerce center, then with the Incas conquerors of Quito lands and finally with the spanish foundation of Quito in 1534, read the complete Quito history here.

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Quito History, From the Yumbos and Quito Karas to the Ecuador Republic


On the skirts of a mountain, in a long fertile and beautiful valley, surrounded by volcanoes and under a splendid blue sky, lays the noble city of Quito.

Quito began almost 2000 years or more B.C. with the arrival of Quito Caras and ancient tribe who came from Central America, this tribes conquered the Quito region and establish commerce relationships with the north and south tribes, they created the "Tianguez" a big market exchange for land products of coast and the ecuador highlands, peru and colombia tribes.

The Yumbos tribe lives in the actual San Antonio and Pomasqui town, where they also create a lot of commercial "trails" to the west coast and cloud forest of actual Mindo.

Some archeological pieces like KITO legend, discover, that tribe created, a complete astronomic and religious system of platforms finding the middle earth imaginary line, without GPS, or other technical tools, 900 years before the French Geodesic mission do it, and the most important fact was they already know the effect of sun and moon in the solstice of spring and summer into the land and life.

This one and other tribes was merging and creating a new "north empire" the Shyris empire, who created a new enemy to the Inca kingdom who conquered the southern Ecuador at the beginning of 1300 A. C.

The incas also known the "middle of the earth" was located at north of their sacred cities, so the threat of KITO empire and the astronomical position creates the main reason to initiate a long conquest war with the shyris empire, this wars finally become and alliance with the marriage of Huayna Capac inca king with the Pacha princess of Shyris empire.

This political alliance brings to Quito a new renaissance, because the inca king state "Cusco at south and Kito at north the jewels of Inca empire" creating a new kito city with the inca architecture, temples and more to make a more strong religion with Sun God, who is more nearly at Quito.

Is important to stop here and make an analysis of word Quito, it means KI = Middle and TO= earth, with in union means "middle of earth". It´s very important to know this to understand the whole pre colonial culture, architecture, mystic powers and religious behavior of pre inca and inca tribes around Quito land.

The spanish conquerors arrive at Ecuador coast in 1531 at Tumbez, actual Peru. 3 years later with a hard struggle with the Inca empire, Rumiñahui, a brother of assassinated king Atahualpa, create a very strong defense in the Quito road to the spanish conquerors. The official foundation of Quito was did by Sebastian de Benalcazar in December 6 of 1534.

This spanish foundation comes with new architects who taken cares of Quito and destroy the ancient Inca and Shyris architecture creating and settle a lot of religious convents, churches and incredible pieces of gold and other precious materials as a support for the God word by the Catholic religion work of "evangelization" in South America.

This incredible massive effort to convert natives and control the new spanish migrants create the magnificent treasure of Quito Historic Center, the amount of gold, wood work, paintings, stones and creative baroque architecture creates a unique space fulfilled with treasures for the world.

During the colony Quito did not have potable water, electrical light, or sewage and the inhabitants had to collect rainwater. Soon it appeared the water carriers, dressed in white trousers, a poncho, and a scarf and a hat heavy cloth. The "quiteños" call this water carriers Aguateros. On their back they carried large containers full of water and they distributed it throughout the city.

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At 9 PM the church bells rang, signaling the end of the day. Quito is then a solitary city. Tallow candles in iron lamps illuminated the city paths. After having a thick tasty chocolate espresso and praying, the Quito families went to sleep, while outside on the street serenades could be heard.

During this time, patriotic and wise artist are born: Miguel de Santiago, Goríbar, Caspicara, Maldonado and Espejo, which shared their art and thoughts to form a true capital city.

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The churches of: El Belen, the Cathedral, the Compañía, San Francisco, Merced and Santo Domingo are part of the traditional Christian town. The Quiteños attend Mass with pride.

La Ronda, La Mama Cuchara, the Bridge of the Gallinazos and the Panecillo, are attractions where the chullas (quito citizenships) court their future spouses. Legend states that in the Panecillo was a golden temple for the sun, from where the Shyris contemplated the arrival to the tropics.

Little by little Quito keeps growing and big houses and buildings are built over creeks and canyons, leaving behind colonial Quito, a city where legend like the House of 1028, the Rooster of the Cathedral, the Vestibule of San Francisco and Father Almeida tries to rediscover them.

Time has passed and the inhabitants of Quito no longer are interested in old customs, the city is now a metropolis, in where the businesses and the commerce increase the lucrative appetite of the inhabitants of Quito.

Being named a Cultural Patrimony of the Humanity, a new era is born for the city, the era of the tourism. Hundreds, if not thousands, of tourists arrive every year to Quito. They have inspired to revive the magic hidden under the facades of the large city.

Quito is not the same as it was, but it keeps in its streets, sky and mountains signs of an era which has always been and always will be: a friendly city full of dreams, full of people with their dreams and hopes, that welcome all its visitors and hopes to be able to share with them the legends and traditions that live in the heart on the inhabitants of Quito.

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